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Make Up Advice

Hints, tips and general advice on all things cosmetics, make up and skin care.

The History of Perfume

The History of Perfume  

Humans have always been attracted to lovely smells and I would imagine that flowers have always been prized by ancient peoples for their fragrance, perhaps rubbing the petals into their skin or using them to add fragrance to their surroundings. However the first recorded use of perfume was by the Egyptians. Their religious rituals called for the use of incense and the application of scented balms, unguents and ointments. Not until the New Kingdom 1580-1085 BC was perfume used in a secular way as perfumed creams and oils and cosmetics and as pre-sex massage oils.

 

From Egypt the use of perfume spread throughout the ancient world of the Greek and Roman Empires and to the Islamic world. The advent of Christianity saw the decline in the use of perfume, considered a vain decadence with immoral sexual undertones, and it was in the Islamic world that the skill of perfume making was kept alive and continued to develop.

 

The Crusades in the 12th and 13th centuries saw the reintroduction of perfume to the Christian world brought back by the returning crusaders among the many new wonders they encountered in the Islamic world. Simple floral, herbal and fruit extracts were used to disguise the more unappealing aromas caused the universal distrust of bathing. Perfume was also thought ward off infections and an orange stuffed with cloves was often carried by the wealthy as a protection against the plague.

 

Perfume making, particularly in France, had developed and grown into a skilled industry by the seventeenth century and the Guild of Glove and Perfume makers was established. The court of King Louise XV was named The Perfumed Court as it became all the rage to apply perfume to clothing, fans and furniture as well as to the skin. Baths were still an annual occasion in seventeenth century France, even for royalty, so perhaps this was a blessing for all.

 

The 18th Century saw the creation of Eau de Cologne, a refreshing blend of rosemary, neroli, bergamot and lemon. It was the latest fashion and was used in every way imaginable, mixed with wine, eaten with a sugar lump or as a mouthwash, an enema, or a poultice. It was also added to bath water as by this time the wealthy were overcoming their distrust of washing and cleanliness was becoming the vogue.

 

The popularity of perfume coincided with the development of decorative glass and perfume was kept in beautiful faceted bottles as a fashion accessory and an ultimate must have status symbol for the wealthy.

 

The advent of the industrial era in the late 18th century saw the craft of the perfume maker turned into a science. New fragrances and mass production were introduced with France still the major centre of production. This is the time when the famous names in the perfume industry began to emerge, Houbigant, Lubin, Roger & Gallet, Guerlain and Coty.

 

In 1921 Couturier Gabrielle Chanel launched her own brand of perfume called Chanel no 5, still probably the world’s most famous and popular fragrance.

The 1930s saw the arrival of the floral fragrances with Worth’s Je Reviens, Caron’s Fleurs de Rocaille and Jean Patou’s Joy. After World War 11 the major fashion houses such as Christain Dior, Jacques Faith, Nina Ricci and Pierre Balmain all rushed to develop and market their own brand.

 

The 1970s saw the arrival of the inexpensive mass market perfume with the creation of Revlon’s Charlie. Now there are many perfumes in all price ranges to suit everyone.

Created On  29 Jan 2018 16:13 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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Eyeliner Tight Lining. What is it and How to do it.

Eyeliner Tight Lining. What is it and How to do it. Tight Lining is a name applied to a technique of applying eyeliner very close to your actual lash line. In fact I like to describe it as more like joining the eye lashes together, rather like a child's dot to dot book. Most eyeliner looks mean you draw a line above the lash line. This gives an obvious line than can usually be clearly seen. So if you are looking for a softer, more subtle look then try tight lining. 

Here at Cosmetics4less we have tried several different products to see which gives us the best effect and we have found that a gel eyeliner gives the best Tight Lining looking result. 

You will need a nice sharp brush for this technique. Coming from above your eye lashes, angle the brush as you normally would to apply the line but gently push downwards, just a fraction, so the brush touches your eye lid just between the individual lashes.

If you like to do your under eye lashes also then a black pencil, warmed up well with a very sharp point will do this job best. Come from below your lashes and push the point, very gently and carefully, along the spaces between your lashes. You can use a pencil on the top lashes as well but the gel has a more impact effect and is well worth practicing. 
Created On  26 Jan 2018 11:47 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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Valentine's Day. Top Tips for that Special First Date.

Valentine's Day. Top Tips for that Special First Date. Valentine's Day is the perfect day for that first date. If there is someone you really like then this is the time to pluck up the courage to ask them out. The first date is a time for learning and if you get it right, comfortable flirting with a side of romance. Your first date with somebody that you like is incredibly important for any future relationship, and the single most important thing you need to do on any date is create the right first impression. Here at Cosmetics4less we firmly believe that first impressions are everything no matter what stage in life you are at and you should come away from any date feeling confident and knowing that you were yourself.


If you are planning a first date or are perhaps going on a date in a few hours and are looking for some last minute tips, hopefully this blog post will help you make your first date that little bit special and one to remember.

 

Tip number one: Be yourself

Pretending to be somebody you are not, or making up white lies about who you are, are things that everybody does at some point in their life. When dating though you should simply be yourself and not stray away from reality. Sometimes this can be hard, especially if you are a car salesman living at home with his parents at the age of 30 (nothing wrong with that), however your date should be understanding about who you are. If they are not, they quite simply are not right for you. don't forget that if the relationship continues and develops any lies you tell now will surely come to light in time.


Tip number two: Decide where you want to go

Having a schedule for your first date is a fantastic way of staying organized. Granted, some of the best moments in life occur from random and spontaneous moments, but you should want your first date to go as smoothly as physically possible. Before you go on your date decide where you or your date want to go, and stick to it. The cinema, for a meal, bowling or the theatre are all great places to go for a first date. Going for a bite to eat is probably best, as you will be able to talk to your date and get to know them. However a theatre or cinema trip does give you something to talk about later if you are shy and find conversation difficult at first. This shared experience can effectively break the ice and give you more confidence.


Tip number 3: Consider your dates views and be good at conversation

This goes without saying however if you do not agree with what your date is saying, or his / hers point of view, don’t argue with them. This does not mean that you have to agree with everything they say. Buy all means put over your point of view but in a non confrontational and non judgemental way and never let the discussion become personal. In this way an interesting exchange of views can be stimulating and enjoyable. Always agree to differ if the conversation stops being enjoyable. Go with the flow during conversations and try to be witty, fun and interesting at the same time. If you have a hobby, share it, who knows your date may very well have a passion for the exact same thing.


As well as those three top tips above, be sure to be well groomed for your date. If you are a male, make sure that you are clean before you go on a date and well dressed for the place you are going. If you are female, be sure to wear something appropriate for the venue and also wear flattering make-up and cosmetics but don't overdo it, many people do not like a heavily made up companion. Keep it simple and subtle until you get to know your date better.

Remember, have fun!

Created On  25 Jan 2018 11:37 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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How to Avoid your Eyeliner Cracking.

How to Avoid your Eyeliner Cracking. Liquid Eyeliner is very popular and gives an easy to apply fine and defined line which is easy to control. But it does have one downside, it is prone to cracking and even flaking off. This is because it dries to a hard inflexible finish.
 

To avoid this try using a gel eyeliner. This will give just as intense a colour and a sharp defined shape but will remain flexible with an added bonus of a shiny finish and they are often waterproof too.


The application technique is very similar to applying a liquid liner but you may need to become confident with a brush applicator if you are used to the felt tip type of applicator.


You will need to give gel eyeliner plenty of time to dry completely but this has advantages as you can correct or make any little adjustments easily before it has dried.

Gel Eyeliner also comes in lots of different colours so you can experiment with new looks and colour combinations, especially with the party season upon us.

Cosmetics4less has Gel Eyeliners from only £0.99. We always aim for quality Cheap Cosmetics at affordable prices

 


Created On  20 Jan 2018 12:03 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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A Guide to Colour Neutralising and Corrective Concealers.

A Guide to Colour Neutralising and Corrective Concealers. Most women today use the single shade stick or liquid concealer, and this is fine for the everyday concealing of dark shadows and skin blemishes. However many women use a concealer shade that is too light when trying to reduce under eye circles. The skin around the eyes is naturally just a little darker than the surrounding skin, so using a shade that is too pale looks very unnatural and results in a "Racoon Eye Effect". In the same way a single shade of concealer used all over the face can make the complexion look flat and one dimensional.

For that special occasion or to correct specific blemishes and colour problems try using a multi-tonal concealer. There is a wide variety of these products on the market to suit all budgets. If used correctly they can achieve outstanding results.

The appearance of age spots, birthmarks, blotchiness, broken capillaries, eye area darkness, eyelid darkness, freckles and scars can all be diminished by using such a product. Imperfections can also be blurred by using opposite tones to neutralise them.

Understanding Neutalising Colours

Use beige to conceal flaws and shadows. beige also brightens the under eye area.

Mint green is used to neutralise red tones on the skin. Use this for covering blemishes, red blotches, rosacea and port wine stains.

Yellow is used to conceal blue toned bruises, under eye circles and mild red tones on the face including sun damage and darkened areas.

Lavender is used to normalise yellow coloured imperfections such as sallow complexions and yellow toned bruises. It can also help conceal very dark under eye circles and dark spots on bronze skin shades.

How to apply corrective colours.

Dot an appropriate neutralising concealer shade on carefully and blend well with your finger tips past the edges of the problem. Let this set for a few moments. Then apply a concealer that matches the colour of your skin tone over the layer of neutralising concealer. gently pat on a thin layer woth your fongertips. Feather out the concealer slightly beyond the edges of the condition. Allow to set.

Finally follow with a foundation matched to your skin tone. Pat on the foundation with a sponge or your fingertips in a downwards motion so you don't make the fine hairs on your fdace stand up. Allow the product to se for a few minutes and then apply powder.

If you have very severe facial scars a range of suitable cosmetic products are available on the NHS with a professional, trained consultant available to help you use them. Please ask your doctor for information.
Created On  15 Jan 2018 16:46 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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Perfume and Fragrance Explained

Perfume and Fragrance Explained Selecting and buying a fragrance can be a confusing thing. Many of the descriptions and terms used are unique to the fragrance world and unknown to most people. Making a mistake can be a costly business so this is a guide to help you understand exactly what you are buying.

Perfume is often described and defined as Eau de Parfum and other similar phrases. It is important to know what these definitions mean as they can describe totally different products.

Parfum, is the most concentrated and longest lasting form of fragrance. It will contain at least 22% of fragrance oils. For this reason this is also the most costly form of fragrance you can buy.

Eau de Parfum contains between 15 and 22% fragrance oils. Less concentrated than a parfum but still a premium product. Usually cheaper than perfum and the most common form of high end perfumes on the market today. 

Eau De Toilette and Colognes contain between 4 and 15% fragrance oils. These tend to be very light, most suitable for light, floral fragrances for day time wear. If you are looking for a fragrance to wear every day then  an Eau de Toilette is a good choice as it is usually the cheapest formulation and the fragrance is not overpowering if you are working or just going about your day.

You will often see hear the phrases "top notes, middle notes and base notes" used to describe a fragrance. top notes give you the first impression of the fragrance. It is the smell that hits you first of all and is often the most lasting impression you have of a fragrance. Although a top note will disappear quite quickly to be replace by the middle notes. The middle note is actually the dominant fragrance of a perfume. This will last for several hours. The base notes will help the fragrance to last as long as possible and will often remain once the other notes have faded away. That's the time to refresh your fragrance.

Perfume is divided into Fragrance Families. Chypre, pronounced sheep-r. A Chypre fragrance contains woody and mossy notes. Oakmoss, Sandlewood, Patcouli, Bergamot and Vetiver are often included in a fragrance of the Chypre Family. Examples of Chypre fragrance include Chypre de Coty, Mitsouko by Guerlain and Cuir de Russe by Chanel.

The Marine Fragrance Family is the name used to describe scents that evoke a feeling of the sea and the sea air. This is quite a new Fragrance Family. An ingredient called calone is used to suggest this sea side fragrance. Examples of marine Family fragrances include escape by Calvin Klein, Cool Water by Davidoff and Aquawoman by Rochas.

The Oriental Fragrance Family is used for both male and female perfumes. They are warm, spicy and sweet. Ingredients such as vanilla and tonka bean are used in oriental fragrances. Examples include opium by Yves Saint Laurent and Coco by Chanel.

The majority of fragrances for women are of the Floral Fragrance Family. Some can be a bouquet of complementary flowers, some use a main flower and other, lesser notes and some can ne the scent of a single flower like roses or lavender. These fragrances are referred to as single note scents.   Examples of Floral Family fragrances include Chanel no 19, Anais Anais by Cacharel, L'Air du Temps by Nina Ricci and Dolce Vta by Dior.

The Fougere, pronounced foo-jer, Frangrance Family are fragrances mostly used in fragrances for men. The name comes from the French for fern. Fougere fragrances often contain oakmoss, coumarin and lavender. They tend to be sharp and woody, sometimes with herby notes. Often citrus and green notes are added. Examples of fougere fragrances include Boss by Hugo Boss, Eternity for men and Kouros by Yves Saint Laurent.


Don't forget to apply fragrance to your secondary pulse points as well as your primary pulse points such as on the inside of your elbow and behind your knees for a longer lasting scent.




   
Created On  12 Jan 2018 16:08 in Make Up Advice  -  Permalink
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